Influence of temperature on sporulation of Eimeria arloingi and Eimeria perforans oocysts

  • O. O. Boyko Dnipro State Agrarian and Economic University
  • L. I. Shendryk Dnipro State Agrarian and Economic University
  • V. S. Rudyk Dnipro State Agrarian and Economic University
  • I. A. Volovyk Dnipro State Agrarian and Economic University
  • I. A. Biben Dnipro State Agrarian and Economic University
  • V. V. Brygadyrenko Oles Honchar Dnipro National University
Keywords: sporulation; oocysts; eimeriosis; oocysts; sporozoites; sporocysts; sheep and goats; rabbits

Abstract

Eimeriosis of farm animals is one of the most widespread parasitic diseases in the world. In the conditions of the steppe zone of Ukraine Eimeria perforans is more common in rabbits and E. arloingi in sheep and goats. Study of factors which influence the development of these protists on the soil surface is one of the major challenges for veterinarians working for large livestock companies and fighting against eimeriosis. Environmental temperature is able to change the speed of sporulation of oocysts Eimeria. Five values of temperature (15, 20, 25, 30, and 35 °C) were used in a laboratory experiment in vitro. At 15 °C, the process of sporulation of E. arloingi and E. perforans in 100% of cases ended on the eighth day. With increase in temperature to 35 °C, the duration of sporulation decreased to three days. When the temperature was 30 °C the completion of sporulation was observed in more than 50% of the oocysts of E. arloingi on the second day, and for E. perforans on the third day. High-speed sporulation at elevated temperatures under conditions of global warming can result in the increasing spread of eimeriosis among wild and domestic animals.

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Published
2021-05-03
How to Cite
Boyko, O. O., Shendryk, L. I., Rudyk, V. S., Volovyk, I. A., Biben, I. A., & Brygadyrenko, V. V. (2021). Influence of temperature on sporulation of Eimeria arloingi and Eimeria perforans oocysts . Regulatory Mechanisms in Biosystems, 12(2), 369-373. https://doi.org/10.15421/022150

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