Specifics of the morphological identification of the pathogen of passaluariasis of rabbits

  • A. Khorolskyi Poltava State Agrarian University
  • V. Yevstafieva Poltava State Agrarian University
  • S. Kravchenko Poltava State Agrarian University
  • M. Pishchalenko Poltava State Agrarian University
  • Y. Vakulenko Poltava State Agrarian University
  • B. Gutyj Lviv National University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies named after S. Z. Gzhytskyj
Keywords: Passalurus ambiguus; parasitic nematodes; diagnostics; differential characters.

Abstract

Passalurus ambiguus (Nematoda, Oxyuroidae) is one of the most common parasites of digestive tract of domestic and wild rabbits and rodents. Passalurus spp. are cosmopolitan, and the mature nematodes are localized in the appendages and large intestine of animals. The passaluariasis infections remain quite relevant in modern rabbit breeding, because the disease is highly contagious, with the possibility of unlimited spread inducing significant economic losses. The aim of the study was to determine the identifying morphological species characteristics of P. ambiguus nematodes, which were isolated from the colon of domestic rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus domesticus). The identifying characters of Passalurus include morphological features, namely the presence of a spherical bulb in the esophagus, and the presence of three teeth in the oral capsule. Males of P. ambiguus have a characteristic structure of the tail end, namely the presence of papillary protrusions and a massive narrowed part with a spicule handle, and five papillae around the cloaca. Twenty-eight metric indicators are proposed that characterize the size of the body, oral capsule, esophagus in different parts of it, the tail end, spicules, the location of the cloaca. Two different morphotypes of mature females of P. ambiguus were revealed – short-tailed and long-tailed, which were larger by 19 indicators (by 3.2–43.6%). The morphotypes of P. ambiguus females are characterized; the length of the tail, body length and width in different areas, depth of the oral capsule, esophageal size and its structural elements, the location of the vulva and nerve ring, the width of the caudal process. At the same time, the parameters of esophageal bulb length and caudal process in short-tailed females were higher (by 13.9% and 11.9%, respectively) than in the long-tailed females. A total of 25 morphometric parameters were proposed for the identification of P. ambiguus females. The obtained data indicate the feasibility of further research on the causes of occurrence of such morphotypes in P. ambiguus females and the need to take into account the existence of such forms of females for their differential diagnosis taking into account their proposed morphometric parameters.

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Published
2021-11-07
How to Cite
Khorolskyi, A., Yevstafieva, V., Kravchenko, S., Pishchalenko, M., Vakulenko, Y., & Gutyj, B. (2021). Specifics of the morphological identification of the pathogen of passaluariasis of rabbits . Regulatory Mechanisms in Biosystems, 12(4), 702-709. https://doi.org/10.15421/022197