The effect of Corvitin on the content of bile acids in the liver of rats under conditions of chronic social stress
AbstractThe article looks at recent research dealing with changes in the bile acid composition of the bile of outbred male rats under chronic social stress (social defeat in daily male confrontations, 14 days) when administered Corvitin (1 mg/kg, intragastrically, 7 days). Chronic social stress was created by daily agonistic interactions between animals. The main fractions of conjugated bile acids – taurocholic, taurohenodeoxycholic and taurodeoxycholic, glycocholic, glycochenodeoxycholic and glycodeoxycholic and free ones – cholic, chenodeoxycholic and deoxycholic were determined by the method of thin layer chromatography of bile. The conjugation index (ratio of the sum of conjugated cholates to the sum of free ones) and hydroxylation (ratio of the sum of trihydroxycholanic bile acids to the sum of dihydroxycholanic ones) of bile acids were calculated. The research showed that in the conditions of experimental social stress, Corvitin enhances the conjugation of bile acids with taurine and glycine, i.e. stimulates detoxification processes in hepatocytes. In the conditions of chronic social stress in male rats, the processes that had provided the flow of glycoconjugates of bile acids from hepatocytes to the bile ducts were further suppressed. The concentrations of glycocholic acid and glycochenodeoxycholic and glycodeoxycholic acids in the bile of male intruders were lower than the control values. But, as seen in the experiment, the use of Corvitin normalized these indicators. The experiment showed that in the conditions of chronic social stress, the content of cholic acid in the bile of intruder rats decreased, and when correcting the pathological condition using Corvitin, it reached the control values. The use of Corvitin simultaneously with the simulation of experimental social stress normalized the biliary secretory function of the liver, indicating the high potential of using Corvitin as a corrective factor in chronic social stress. Correction of stress-induced pathologies of liver bile-secretory function by Corvitin requires further thorough experimental studies.
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