Dissimilatory sulfate reduction in bacteria Desulfovibrio desulfuricans ІМV К-6 upon influence of Uragan and Raundup herbicides
AbstractObjects of the study were sulfate-reducing bacteria Desulfovibrio desulfuricans ІМV К-6, isolated from Yavorivske lakе. This strain is kept in the collection of microorganisms at the Department of Microbiology of Ivan Franko National University. Bacteria were grown in the Kravtsov-Sorokin’s liquid medium with the following composition (g/l): Na2SO4 × 10H2O – 0.5, NaH2PO4 – 0.3, K2HPO4 – 0.5, (NH4)2SO4 – 0.2, MgSO4 × 7H2O – 0.1, C3H5O3Na – 2.0. The bacteria were grown for 10 days at 30 °C under anaerobic conditions. In order to study the sensitivity of the sulfate reducing bacteria to action of Uragan and Raundup herbicides, the cells of D. desulfuricans ІМV К-6 were grown at the concentrations of herbicides as follows: 0,28 mМ, 2,8 mМ (concentration recommended for use) and 5,6 mM. Biomass was determined by photometric method. Concentration of hydrogen sulfide in the culture medium was determined by photo-colorimetric method. Concentration of sulfate-ions in the medium was determined by turbidimetric method. Capacity of sulfate reducing bacteria D. desulfuricans ІМV K-6 to grow, reducing sulfates to hydrogen sulfide upon influence of Uragan and Raundup herbicides was studied. Accumulation of bacterial biomass in the control and upon influence of herbicides was the highest on the fourth-sixth day of cultivation, and after that the stationary growth phase began. It was shown that sulfate reducing bacteria upon influence of herbicides grew more intensively compared with the control. It was discovered that the level of biomass changed depending on the increasing concentration of Uragan or Raundup herbicides in the medium. Sulfate reducing bacteria D. desulfuricans ІМV K-6 could reduce sulfates to hydrogen sulfide in the presence of sulfates and organic compounds in the medium (dissimilatory sulfate reduction). Stimulatory influence of Uragan and Raundup on the dissimilatory sulfate reduction process of D. desulfuricans ІМВ К-6 has been discovered. The formation of hydrogen sulfide correlates with the usage of sulfatе ions. The capacity of sulfate reducing bacteria D. desulfuricans ІМV K-6 to grow, reducing sulfate ions to hydrogen sulfide upon influence of Uragan and Raundup may be caused by presence of inert components (sulfates) in these herbicides that can be used by microorganisms as electron acceptors during sulfate respiration.
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