Action of manganese salt on Triticum aestivum
AbstractSpecificneed in manganese is a characteristic feature of all plants. At present time, participation of this element in functioning in a number of processes and structures in the plant organism is proved. Indispensabilityof manganese as a component of plant metabolism is evidenced by death of plants aged 2–4 weeks at absolute exclusion of manganese nutrient medium, and symptoms of disorders at all levels of metabolism due to lack of this element. As opposed to symptoms of deficiency which are specific for every element, the signs of excess are more or less the same. In conditions of gradual increase of the concentration of ions as factors of influence, gradual manifestation of plant organism depression is observed: growth inhibition, root dying and leaf chlorosis, etc. Foliar feeding of grain crops including winter wheat with manganese is very important because they have a great need for such elements as manganese and copper. Efficiencyof the types of foliar feeding is connected with the mechanisms of penetration of manganese into the plant cells. Unlike other metals, manganese can be mobilized by sprouts from seed integument: metal absorption from wheat seeds lasts till the seventh day. That’s why, the aim of our work was to investigate the influence of pre-sowing processing of winter wheat seeds with solutions of different concentrations of manganese sulfate for detection of the optimal concentration and studying of phytotoxic influence of the excess manganese action. Vegetation tests were carried out in the laboratory conditions for performing the studies. Winter wheat seeds were steeped into solutions of manganese sulfate in such concentrations as 0.001%, 0.01%, 0.1%, 0.5% and 1%. After that they were couched in multi-component environment (sod-podzol soil). As a control variant, an experiment without treatment was used. The influence of different concentrations on the growth processes such as seed germination, length of the sprout, weight of the plants and their root system was estimated. It was determined that the optimal concentration of manganese sulfate for the pre-sowing processing was equal to 0.001–0.01%. The critical one, at which the phytotoxic action is manifested in growth depression and decrease of sprout biomass, is the use of 0.5–1.0% solution of manganese sulfate for the pre-sowing seed treatment.
Fandalyuk, A.V., Sotmari, M.P., 2004. Optymizatsiya vykorystannya ta okhorony rodyuchosti hruntiv Zakarpattya [Optimization the use and protection of soil fertility Transcarpathia]. Okhorona Rodyuchosti Gruntiv [Protection of Soil Fertility]. 1, 80–87 (in Ukrainian).
Foy, C.D., Chaney, R.L., White, M.C., 1978. The physiology of metal toxicity in plants. Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol. 29, 511–566. >>doi: 10.1146/annurev.pp.29.060178.002455
Graham, R., Senadhire, D., Beebe, S., Iglesias, C., Monasterio, I., 1999. Breeding for micronutrient density in edible portion of staple food crops: Conventional approaches. Filed Crop. Res. 60, (1-2), 57-80. >>doi: 10.1016/S0378-4290(98)00133-6
Graham, R.D., Stangoulis, C.R., 2003. Trace element uptake and distribution in plants. Am. Soc. Nutr. Sci. 133(5), 1502–1505.
Hakala, M., Rantamaki, S., Puputti, E.M., Tyystjarvi, T., Tyystjarvi, E., 2006. Photoingibition of manganese enzymes: Insights into the mechanism of photosystem II photoingibition. J. Exp. Bot. 57(8), 1809–1816. >>doi: 10.1093/jxb/erj189
Hall, J.L., Williams, L.E., 2003.Transition metal transporters in plants. J. Exp. Botany 54(393), 2601–2613. >>doi: 10.1093/jxb/erg303
Huang, C., Webb, M.J., Graham, R.D., 1993. Effects of pH on manganese absorption by barley genotypes in chelate-buffered nutrient solution. Plant nutrition – from genetic engineering to field practice. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht. pp. 653–656.
Huang, C., Webb, M.J., Graham, R.D., 1994. Manganese efficiencу is expressed in barley growing in soil system but not in solution culture. J. Plant Nutr. 17(1), 83–95. >>doi: 10.1080/01904169409364711
Hural'chuk, Z.Z., 2006. Fitotoksychnist' vazhkykh metaliv ta stiykist' roslyn do yikh diyi [Phytotoxicity of heavy metals and plant resistance to their action]. Logos, Kyiv (in Ukrainian).
Kabata-Pendias, A., Pendias, H., 2001. Trace elements in soils and plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.
Matiyeha, V.Y., Pasichnyk, O.R., Pokhyl, V.V., Polychko, V.S., 2010. Ekoloho-toksykolohichnyy stan gruntiv na terytoriyi Tyachivs'koho ta Rakhivs'koho rayoniv Zakarpats'koyi oblasti [Ecological and toxicological status of soils in the Tiachiv and Rakhivsky district, Transcarpathian region]. Problemy Ahropromyslovoho Kompleksu Karpat [The Problems of Agroindustrial Complex in Carpathians] 19, 94–102 (in Ukrainian).
Mel'nychuk, D., Hofman, D., Horodn'oho, M., 2004. Yakist' gruntu ta suchasni stratehiyi udobrennya [Soil quality and modern strategies of fertilization]. Aristey, Kiev (in Ukrainian).
Millaleo, R., Reyes-Diaz, M., Ivanov, A.G., Mora, M.L., Alberdi, M., 2010. Manganese as essential and toxic element for plants: transport, accumulation and resistance mechanisms. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr. 10(4), 470–481. >>doi: 10.4067/S0718-95162010000200008
Morhun, V.V., Tkachuk, K.S., 2001. Problemy, stan ta perspektyvy rozvytku doslidzhen' z fiziolhiyi zhyvlennya roslyn [Problems status and prospects of research on the physiology of nutrition of plants]. Fiziolohiya roslyn v Ukrayini na mezhi tysyacholit' [Physiology of plants in Ukraine at the turn of the millennium] 1, 140–151 (in Ukrainian).
Morgun, V.V., Shvartau, V.V., Kirizij, D.A., 2010. Fiziologicheskie osnovy formirovanija vysokoj produktivnosti zernovyh zlakov [Physiological basis of the formation of the high productivity of cereals]. Fiziologija i Biohimija Kul'turnyh Rastenij [Physiology and Biochemistry of Cultivated Plants] 42(5), 371–392 (in Russian).
Morhun, V.V., Sanyn, E.V., Shvartau, V.V., 2014. Klub 100 tsentneriv. Suchasni sorty ta systemy zhyvlennya i zakhystu ozymoyi pshenytsi [Modern varieties and feed systems and protection of winter wheat]. Logos, Kyiv (in Ukrainian).
Obrueva, N.V., 2003. Fiziologija prorastanija semjan [Physiology of seed germination]. Reguljacija rosta, razvitija i produktivnosti rastenij [Regulation of growth, development and productivity of plants]. Pravo i jekonomika, Minsk. pp. 93–94 (in Russian).
Pinho, S., Ladeiro, B., 2012. Phytotoxicity by lead as heavy metal focus on oxidative stress. Journal of Botany. Article ID 369572. >>doi: 10.1155/2012/369572
Shenker, M., Plessner, O.E., Tel-Or, E., 2004. Manganese nutrition effects on tomato growth, chlorophyll concentration and superoxide dismutase activity. J. Plant Physiol. 161(2), 197–202. >>doi: 10.1078/0176-1617-00931
Shpaar, D., 2012. Zernovye kul'tury: vyrashhivanie, uborka, hranenie i ispol'zovanie [Cereals: Growing, harvesting, storage and use] Zerno, Kyiv (in Russian).
Vakerych, M.M., 2010. Autoekolohichni doslidzhennya reaktsiyi Avena sativa L. za diyi spoluk kuprumu [Autecological study of Avena sativa L. reaction on copper compounds]. Abstract of dissertation (in Ukrainian).
Vakerych, M.M., Nikolaychuk, V.I., 2009. Do vyvchennya vplyvu fitoaktyvnosti midi ta inshykh metaliv na ontohenetychnyy rozvytok roslyn [To study the effect of phytoactivity of copper and other metals to ontogenetic development of plants]. Fiziolohiya Roslyn: Problemy ta Perspektyvy Rozvytku [Physiology of Plants: Problems and Evolution Prospect]. Logos, Kyiv 1, 287–305 (in Ukrainian).
Vizir, K.L., Klimovickaja, T.M., 1964. Dejstvie marganca na rost i razvitie rastenij na razlichnyh jetapah ontogeneza [The action of manganese on the growth and development of plants at different stages of ontogenesis]., Naukova Dumka, Kyiv. pp. 29–44 (in Russian).
Vlasyuk, P.A., 1948. Marhanets' u systemi zhyvlennya roslyn [Manganese in the system of power plant] Academy Sciences of the USSR, Kyiv (in Ukrainian).
Vlasyuk, P.A., Klimovickaja, T.M., 1968. Fiziologicheskoe znachenie marganca dlja rosta i razvitija rastenij [The physiological significance of manganese to the growth and development of plants]. Kolos, Moscow (in Russian).
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons «Attribution» 4.0 License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.