Impact of habitation conditions on metabolism in the muscles, liver, and gonads of different sex and age groups of bream

  • A. A. Payuta P. G. Demidov Yaroslavl State University
  • E. A. Flerova P. G. Demidov Yaroslavl State University
Keywords: Abramis brama; protein; fat; proximate composition; water temperature; pollution of bed deposits.

Abstract

Impact of the factors of the aquatic environment is an inevitable aspect of the life of fish as poikilothermic animals and provokes responses in their organisms. The study focused on determining peculiarities in the composition of the metabolic products in the tissues of different age and sex groups of common bream Abramis brama (L.) depending on the living conditions in the water reservoirs of the Upper Volga. The fish were captured in the fattening period in summer and autumn, measured, weighed, identifying sex, maturity stage of the gonads and age. In the muscles, liver and gonads of bream, we analyzed the contents of water, dry matter, lipids, protein, ash and carbohydrates using the standard techniques. The contents of biochemical components in the organism of bream were to a higher degree determined by the peculiarities of the living conditions rather than sex and age of the individuals. In the muscles and liver of bream living in the conditions of increased water temperature and low concentration of oxygen, the concentrations of protein and ash were lower. In the same tissues of bream from the water bodies with high concentrations of pollutants in the water and benthic deposits, we found increased fat content. The muscles of male bream contained less protein and more carbohydrates than females and juvenile individuals, and the muscles of juveniles had less fat. The environmental factors had greater influence on the content of the metabolic products in the liver of bream than sex, and only females had higher ash content than males. The testes had more fat and less protein than the ovaries. During the transition of the gonads from maturity stage II to III, the contents of dry matter and lipids in them decreased. We determined that the environmental factors have stronger impact on biochemical parameters in the tissues of bream than age, because we found no general age patterns in the dynamics of biochemical components, except the liver, in which the highest content of organic compounds was found in individuals aged 6 to 10 years. Water heated by the Hydro Power Plant positively influenced the young bream, as indicated by higher content of metabolic products in individuals aged 5+ than older groups and bream from the surveyed water bodies. Monitoring of the physiological condition of bream focusing on the contents of metabolic products in the tissues may provide necessary data for successful regulation of bream populations in the water reservoirs of the Upper Volga.

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Published
2021-04-25
How to Cite
Payuta, A. A., & Flerova, E. A. (2021). Impact of habitation conditions on metabolism in the muscles, liver, and gonads of different sex and age groups of bream . Regulatory Mechanisms in Biosystems, 12(2), 240-250. https://doi.org/10.15421/022133