Dynamics of growing of Russian sturgeon (Acipenser gueldenstaedtii) larvae for different durations of cultivation
AbstractIn the context of the need to preserve the biodiversity of natural waters, the cultivation of valuable fish species for stocking natural reservoirs takes on exceptional importance. Optimization of the technology for growing sturgeon in artificial conditions has become the main goal of our research. The population used for the present study is from a fish farm, Dneprovskiy Sturgeon Fish Breeding Factory located in Belozersky district (Kherson region, Ukraine). Studies were conducted for ten years (2007–2017). The objective of our study is to assess the quality of juvenile sturgeon when grown with different durations. The research material was provided by the free embryos and larvae of Russian sturgeon (Acipenser gueldenstaedtii von Brandt & Ratzeburg, 1833). Formation of experimental groups and calculation was performed on the principle of groups-analogues by standard methods. The main resultant criteria were larval survival, optimal extrinsic performance, and fish productivity. As a result of the conducted research it was determined that the optimal term of growing the larvae of A. gueldenstaedtii in the pools was 20 days. During this period, young sturgeon had high rates of average body weight with a survival rate of at least 53.4–60.2% and optimal physiological state. In variants with a maximum growth period of 24 days, the difference in the individual masses of the test material was significantly increased on the background of rather high mass indices of the larvae (1.2–1.4 and 1.9–2.1 times, respectively for II–III variant). This led to an increase in the pressure of food competition and, as a result, to a decrease in the output of young sturgeon growth of up to 46.5–61.9%. Survival of the larvae was by far the highest in the experimental groups with a minimum period of cultivation and ranged within 75.1–80.7%. The maximum level of fish productivity was observed in the third variant of the experiment with the longest period of cultivation. An analysis of the relative indicators of body weight gain revealed that with the extension of the growing period in experimental variants the percentage of realization of growth of larvae during the period of exogenous feeding was proportionally reduced. The most effective use of feed for the growth of body weight of the larva was in the variant with a growing period of 20 days. Feed costs in these groups ranged within 2.80–3.24, which averaged 2.83–3.02. Analysis of the dynamics of oscillations of the main biochemical indicators showed that the accumulation of consumables in the body of the experimental larvae increased with the growing period of cultivation in the pools. The amount of moisture was adequately reduced. The greatest influence on the results of the growth of sturgeon larvae in the pools among all the considered factors belonged to the period of cultivation, the magnitude of significance of which was 61.2%. The research results should significantly improve the technology of growing the Dnieper population of A. gueldenstaedtii on fish farms.
Akimov, I. A. (2009). Chervona knyha Ukrainy. Tvarynnyi svit [Red Book of Ukraine. Fauna]. Hlobalkonsaltynh, Kyiv (in Ukrainian).
Alekin, O. A., Semenov, A. D., & Skopintsev, B. A. (1973). Rukovodstvo po himicheskomu analizu vod sushi [Guide to the chemical analysis of land water]. Hydrometyzdat, Leningrad (in Russian).
Alkhimov, E. M., & Shevchenko, V. Y. (2017). Suchasnyi stan vyroshchuvannia remontnykh tsoholitok osetropodibnykh ryb (Acipenseriformes) v umovakh Pivdnia Ukrainy [Current state of the rearing of replacement young‐of‐the‐year (Acipenseriformes) in the conditions of the southern Ukraine]. Rybohospodarska Nauka Ukrainy, 39, 52–63 (in Ukrainian).
Ambroz, A. Y. (1956). Ryby Dnepra, Yuzhnogo Buga i Dneprovsko-Bugskogo limana [Fish of the Dnieper, Southern Bug and Dnieper-Bug Estuary]. Izdatelstvo AN URSR, Kyiv (in Russian).
Berg, L. S. (1949). Ryby presnyh vod SSSR i sopredelnyh stran [Freshwater fish of the USSR and neighboring countries]. Izdatelstvo Akademii Nauk SSSR, Moscow, Leningrad (in Russian).
Chebanov, M. S., & Galich, E. V. (2013). Sturgeon hatchery manual. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Ankara.
Flerova, E. A. (2014). Fiziologo-biohimicheskie metody issledovaniya ryb [Physiological and biochemical methods for the study of fish]. Izdatelstvo of Yaroslavl’ State Agricultural Academy, Yaroslavl’ (in Russian).
Friedrich, T., Reinartz, R., & Gessner, J. (2019). Sturgeon re‐introduction in the Upper and Middle Danube River Basin. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 35, 1059–1068.
Grytsyniak, І. І., Sharko, D. P., Shkarban, V. V., & Plichko, V. F. (2015). Current state and development of the fisheries sector of Ukraine in the crisis. Rybohospodarska Nauka Ukrainy, 31, 5–15.
Haxton, T. J., & Cano, T. M. (2016). A global perspective of fragmentation on a declining taxon – the sturgeon (Acipenseriformes). Endangered Species Research, 31, 203–210.
Heina, K. M. (2019). Stan ta dynamika popovnennia promyslovoho zapasu ikhtiofauny ponyzziv r. Dnipro [State and dynamics of replenishment of the industrial stock of ichthyofauna of the lower reaches of the Dnieper River]. Rybohospodarska Nauka Ukrainy, 47, 17–27 (in Ukrainian).
Hliebova, Y. A., & Shkarupa, O. V. (2019). Dynamika rozvytku rybnoho hospodarstva Ukrainy u 2016–2018 rokakh [Dynamics of fisheries development in Ukraine in 2016–2018]. Rybohospodarska Nauka Ukrainy, 48, 5–20 (in Ukrainian).
Kairullaev, K., Kulmanova, G., Nurgazy, B., Nurgazy, K., & Turganbayeva, F. (2017). Biological features of sturgeon in breeding process in pond fish farms of Almaty region. Ekoloji, 99, 1–8.
Lee, S., Sonmez, O., Hung, S., & Fadel, J. (2017). Development of growth rate, body lipid, moisture, and energy models for white sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus) fed at various feeding rates. Animal Nutrition, 3, 46–60.
Ludwig, A., Lippold, S., Debus, L., & Reinartz, R. (2009). First evidence of hybridization between endangered sterlets (Acipenser ruthenus) and exotic Siberian sturgeons (Acipenser baerii) in the Danube River. Biological Invasions, 11, 753–760.
Marenkov, O. M. (2018a). Ichthyofauna of the Zaporizhia Nuclear Power Plant cooling pond (Enerhodar, Ukraine) and its biomeliorative significance. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 8(2), 140–148.
Marenkov, O. N. (2018b). Ecological and biological aspects of zander and Volga zander reproduction under conditions of the Zaporizhzhia reservoir (Ukraine). Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 8(1), 441–450.
Memis, D., Ercan, E., & Yamaner, G. (2011). The effects of shaded pond on growth performance of Russian sturgeon (Acipenser gueldenstaedtii). Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 27, 571–575.
Movchan, Y. V. (2011). Ryby Ukrajiny (vyznachnyk-dovidnyk) [Fish of Ukraine (determinant-reference)]. Zoloti Vorota, Kyiv (in Ukrainian).
Payuta, A. A., & Flerova, E. A. (2020). Dynamics of indices of metabolism in muscle tissue, liver and gonads of Abramis brama in different periods of the annual cycle. Biosystems Diversity, 28(2), 146–153.
Pilipenko, Y. V., Kornienko, V. A., Plugatarev, V. A., & Moshniahul, K. I. (2014). Itogi rabot po vosstanovleniyu chislennosti dneprovskikh osetrovykh [Results of the work on the restoration of sturgeon population in the Dnieper]. Voprosy Rybnogo Hozyajstva Belarusi, 30, 180–187 (in Russian).
Pilipenko, Y. V., Olifirenko, V. V., Kornienko, V. O., Polishuk, V. S., Dovbish, O. E., & Lobanov, I. A. (2013). Ekologichni peredumovy racional’nogo vedennya rybnogo gospodarstva Dniprovs’ko-Buz’koyi gyrlovoyi oblasti [Ecological prerequisites for the rational management of fisheries in the Dnieper-Bug estuary region]. Vydavets Grin D. S., Kherson (in Ukrainian).
Pilipenko, Y. V., Shevchenko, P. G., Cedik, V. V., & Kornienko, V. O. (2017). Metody ihtiologichnyh doslidzhen’ [Methods of ichthyological research]. Oldi-Plus, Kherson (in Ukrainian).
Poleksic, V., Lenhardt, M., Jarić, I., Djordjevic, D., Gačić, Z., Cvijanovic, G., & Raskovic, B. (2010). Liver, gills, and skin histopathology and heavy metal content of the Danube sterlet (Acipenser ruthenus Linnaeus, 1758). Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 29, 515–521.
Ruban, G., Khodorevskaya, R., & Shantunovskii, M. (2019). Factors influencing the natural reproduction decline in the beluga (Huso huso, Linnaeus, 1758), Russian sturgeon (Acipenser gueldenstaedtii, Brandt & Ratzeburg, 1833), and stellate sturgeon (A. stellatus, Pallas, 1771) of the Volga-Caspian basin: A review. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 35, 387–395.
Sherman, I. M., Heina, K. M., Kutishchev, S. V., & Kutishchev, P. S. (2013). Ekolohichni transformatsiji richkovykh hidroekosystem ta aktualni problemy rybnoho hospodarstva [Ecological transformations of riverine hydroecosystems and current problems of fisheries]. Rybohospodarska Nauka Ukrainy, 26, 5–16 (in Ukrainian).
Sherman, I. M., Kozii, M. V., Kornienko, V. O., & Shevchenko, V. Y. (2018). Osetrivnytstvo [Sturgeon farming]. Oldi-Plus, Kherson (in Ukrainian).
Sherman, I. M., Shevchenko, V. Y., Kornienko, V. O., & Ignatov, O. V. (2009). Ekoloho-tekhnolohichni osnovy vidtvorennia i vyroshchuvannia molodi osetropodibnykh [Ecological-technological bases of reproduction and cultivation of young sturgeon]. Oldi-Plus, Kherson (in Ukrainian).
Sydorov, M. A., Nevesela, O. O., Sazanova, N. M., & Bezkrovna, N. I. (2009). Vplyv biolohichno aktyvnoi dobavky “torfovit” na biokhimichni pokaznyky tkanyn riznykh vydiv ryb [Influence of biologically active supplement “torfovit” on biochemical of tissues of different types of fishes]. Rybohospodarska Nauka Ukrainy, 9, 91–95 (in Ukrainian).
Symon, M. Y., Zabytivskyi, Y. M., & Grytsyniak, I. I. (2018). Vplyv inaktyvovanykh pekarskykh drizhdzhiv na potentsial rostu molodi rosiis’koho osetra Acipenser gueldenstaedtii (Brandt) [Influence of inactivated baker’s yeast on growth potential of russian turgeon Acipenser gueldenstaedtii (Brandt) fingerling]. Rybohospodarska Nauka Ukrainy, 45, 103–111 (in Ukrainian).
Tretjak, O. M., Hankevych, B. O., Kolos, O. M., & Yakovlieva, T. V. (2010). Stan zapasiv osetrovyh ryb ta rozvytok osetrovoi akvakultury v Ukraini [To the questions on the state of sturgeons stocks and development of sturgeon aquaculture in Ukraine]. Rybohospodarska Nauka Ukrainy, 14, 4–22 (in Ukrainian).
Tretjak, O. M., Pashko, M. M., & Kolos, O. M. (2020). Vyroshchuvannia lychynok sterliadi (Acipenser ruthenus Linnaeus, 1758) u netradytsiini stroky [Rearing sterlet (Acipenser ruthenus Linnaеus, 1758) larvae in non‐traditional periods]. Rybohospodarska Nauka Ukrainy, 52, 29–37 (in Ukrainian).
Ushkarenko, V. O., Holoborodko, S. P., & Kokovikhin, S. V. (2014). Metodyka polovoho doslidu (zroshuvalne zemlerobstvo) [Field experiment technique (irrigated agriculture)]. Grin D. S., Kherson (in Ukrainian).
Vasileva, L., Pilipenko, Y., Kornienko, V., Shevchenko, V., Kolman, R., & Plugatarov, V. (2016). Akvakul’tura osetroobraznyh [Sturgeon aquaculture]. Grin D. S., Kherson (in Russian).
Vasilyeva, L. M., Elhetawy, A. I., Sudakova, N. V., & Astafyeva, S. S. (2019). History, current status, and prospects of sturgeon aquaculture. Aquaculture Research, 50, 979–993.
Vladimirov, V. Y., Sukhoivan, P. H., & Buhai, K. S. (1963). Razmnozhenie ryb v usloviyah zaregulirovannogo stoka reki (na primere Dnepra) [Reproduction of fish in a regulated river flow (on the example of the Dnieper)]. Izdatelstvo AN SSSR, Kyiv (in Russian).
Volichenko, Y. M., Pentyliuk, S. I., & Sherman, I. M. (2017). Sezonni zminy morfofiziolohichnoho stanu koropovykh ryb, vyroshchenykh za pasovyshchnoi tekhnolohii v umovakh Pivdnia Ukrajiny [Seasonal changes in the morphophysiological state of carp fish raised by grazing technology in the South of Ukraine]. Rybohospodarska Nauka Ukrainy, 39, 84–91 (in Ukrainian).
Zalumy, S. H. (1970). Sovremennyj sostav i nekotorye zakonomernosti formirovaniya ihtiofauny nizov’ev Dnepra v usloviyah zaregulirovaniya i sokrasheniya rechnogo stoka [The modern composition and some patterns of the formation of the ichthyofauna of the lower reaches of the Dnieper in conditions of regulation and reduction of river flow]. Voprosy Ihtiologii, 10(5), 779–789 (in Russian).
Zalumy, S. H. (1973). Izmeneniya v rybnom promysle v nizovyah Dnepra, Yuzhnogo Buga i Dneprovsko-Bugskogo limana posle zaregulirovaniya [Changes in fishery in the lower reaches of the Dnieper, Southern Bug and Dnieper-Bug estuary]. Rybnoe Hozyajstvo, 17, 81–87 (in Russian
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons «Attribution» 4.0 License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.