The influence of carbon-containing greenhouse gases on the dynamics of radial increment of Pinus cembra and Picea abies in the conditions of the Gorgany Nature Reserve
AbstractBased on the tree-ring chronology, we studied the radial increment of Swiss stone pine (Pinus cembra L.) and common spruce, or Norway spruce (Picea abies L.) as indicators of dendrochronological studies and, based on tree-ring chronology, reconstructed the annual changes of stem biomass and the amount of carbon accumulated in it by P. cembra and P. abies in the Gorgany Nature Reserve. Swiss stone pine stands are of great zoological importance as biotopes of nutcracker (Nucifraga caryocatactes L.), crossbill (Loxia curvirostra L.), capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus L.) and other representatives of rare boreal fauna. Samples were taken from trees of the Playa forest district of the Brusturyan Forest Hunting Range State Enterprise of the Transcarpathian Regional Forestry Administration (P. cembra and P. abies) from trees that did not have visual signs of damage in the Gorgany Nature Reserve. By cross-dating the radial increments of two radii for each tree, individual chronological series were drawn up. Carbon sequestration in P. cembra and P. abies stem wood was evaluated on the basis of dendrochronological analysis of radial increment. The accuracy of cross-dating of dendrochronological series of individual trees, individual chronological series, and representativeness of the generalized series were verified by conventional methods. It was found that the average annual radial increment of the trees under study is 11.48 mm in P. cembra and 14.39 in P. abies, and varies in the range of 1.86–5.49 mm. The data obtained indicate an increase in the ability of P. cembra and P. abies to accumulate carbon with increasing age. The study of carbon sequestration in the stem wood of P. cembra and P. abies, based on dendrochronological analysis, made it possible to reconstruct the annual variation in stem biomass increment and accumulated carbon. The analysis of interdependence of the radial increment of P. cembra and P. abies in the Gorgany Nature Reserve and the value of carbon-containing greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, carried out by the augmented data sample, made it possible to specify the periods most significant for the formation of annual rings. The reaction in radial increment is most pronounced from June to September, with the annual values of carbon-containing greenhouse gases being maximally reflected in radial increment for the period from October to April.
Brown, S. (2002). Measuring carbon in forests: Current status and future challenges. Environmental Pollution, 116, 363–372.
Bunn, A. G. (2010). Statistical and visual crossdating in R using the dplR library. Dendrochronologia, 28(4), 251–258.
Carey, E. V., Sala, A., Keane, R., & Callaway, R. M. (2001). Are old forests underestimated as global carbon sinks? Global Change Biology, 7, 339–344.
Chernevyi, Y. I., Tretiak, P. R., & Savchyn, A. I. (2011). Osoblyvosti rostu derev sosny kedrovoji (Pinus cembra L.) u verkhiv’ji basejnu riky Limnyci u Karpatakh [Growth characteristics of trees of the Swiss pine (Pinus cembra L.) in the upper basin of Limnytsia river in Carpathians]. Scientific Bulletin of Ukrainian National Forestry University, 21(11), 54–61 (in Ukrainian).
Cook, E. R., & Kairiukstis, L. A. (1990). Methods of dendrochronology. Applications in the environmental sciences. Springer, Dordrecht.
Didukh, Y. P. (2009). Zelena knyha Ukrainy [Green Book of Ukraine]. Alterpres, Kyiv (in Ukrainian).
Dixon, R., Brown, S., Houghton, R., Solomon, A., Trexler, M., & Wisniewski, J. (1994). Carbon pools and flux of global forest ecosystems. Science, 263, 185–190.
Granata, M., Gratani, L., Bracco, F., Sartori, F., & Catoni, R. (2016). Carbon stock estimation in an unmanaged old-growth forest: A case study from a broad-leaf deciduous forest in the Northwest of Italy. International Forestry Review, 18(4), 444–451.
Grissino-Mayer, H. D. (2001). Evaluating crossdating accuracy: A manual and tutorial for the computer program COFECHA. Tree-Ring Research, 57(2), 205–221.
Holubchak, O., Savchyn, A., Tretyak, P., & Chernevyy, J. (2019). Dynamika przyrostu świerka Picea abies (L.) H. Karst i limby Pinus cembra (L.) w pobliżu górnej granicy lasu w Gorganach (Ukraina) [Growth dynamics of Picea abies (L.) H. Karst. and Pinus cembra (L.) near the upper timberline in the Gorgany range (Ukraine)]. Roczniki Bieszczadzkie, 27, 253–266 (in Polish).
Kassier, H. (2011). Forest dynamics, growth and yield: From measurement to model. Southern Forests: a Journal of Forest Science, 73(1), 63–65.
Klimuk, Y. V., Mitskevych, U. D., Yakushenko, D. M, Solomakha, V. A., Chornej, I. I., & Budzhak, V. V. (2006). Pryrodnyj zapovidnyk “Gorgany”. Roslynnyj svit [Gorgani Nature Reserve. Plants]. In: Solomakha, V. A. (Ed.). Pryrodno-zapovidni terytorii Ukrainy. Roslynnyi svit. Vol. 6. Fitosotsiotsentr, Kyiv (in Ukrainian).
Lakyda, P. I. (2002). Fitomasa lisiv Urainy [Phytomass of the forests of Ukraine]. Zbruch, Ternopil (in Ukrainian).
Lakyda, P. I., Shvydenko, A. Z., Shchepashchenko, D. H., Vasylyshyn, R. D., Bilous, A. M., Lakyda, I. P., & Matushevych, L. M. (2013). Biotychna produktyvnistj lisiv Ukrajiny v jevropejsjkomu ekoresursnomu vymiri [Biotic productivity of Ukrainian forests in the European ecoresource dimension]. Biological Resources and Nature Management, 5(5–6), 99–106.
Luyssaert, S., Schulze, E. D., Borner, A., Knohl, A., Hessenmoller, D., Law, B. E., Ciais, P., & Grace, J. (2008). Old-growth forests as global carbon sinks. Nature, 455, 213–215.
Medlyn, B. E., Barton, C. V. M., Broadmeadow, M. S. J., Ceulemans, R., De Angelis, P., Forstreuter, M., Freeman, M., Jackson, S. B., Kellomäki, S., Laitat, E., Rey, A., Roberntz, P., Sigurdsson, B. D., Strassemeyer, J., Wang, K., Curtis, P. S., & Jarvis, P. G. (2001). Stomatal conductance of forest species after long-term exposure to elevated CO2 concentration: A synthesis. New Phytologist, 149, 247–264.
Netsvetov, M. V., & Suslova, E. P. (2009). Mehanicheskaja ustojchivost’ derev’ev i kustarnikov k vibracionnym zagruzkam [Mechanical resistance of trees and shrubs to vibration loads]. Promyshlennaia Botanika, 9, 60–67 (in Russian).
Politov, D. V., Pirko, Y. V., Pirko, N. N., Mudrik, E. A., & Korshikov, I. I. (2008). Analiza sistemului de încru-ci are în douã populaþii de Pinus cembra din Carpaþii Ucrainieini. Annals of Forest Research, 51, 11–18.
Pretzsch, H. (2009). Forest dynamics, growth, and yield. In: Forest Dynamics, growth and yield. Springer, Berlin.
Somogyi, Z., Cienciala, E., Mäkipää, R., Muukkonen, P., Lehtonen, A., & Weiss, P. (2007). Indirect methods of large-scale forest biomass estimation. European Journal of Forest Research, 126, 197–207.
Tretyak, P., & Chernevyy, Y. (2018). The grow of trees of the Carpathian forest (in the basin of the Dniester River). Publishing House of Lviv Polytechnic National University, Lviv.
Tretyak, P., Pozynytch, I., Savytska, A., & Boychuk, I. (2019). Forests with Swiss stone pine (Pinus cembra L.) in Gorgany range (Eastern Carpathians, Ukraine). In: Kannenberg, K., & Szramki, H. (Eds.). Zarządzanie ochroną przyrody w lasach. Management of Environmental Protection in Forests, Tuchola.
Tsuryk, Y. I. (2006). Taksacija dereva ta jogho chastyn [Taxation of the tree and its parts]. Ukrainian National Forestry University, Lviv (in Ukrainian).
Vaganov, E. A., Anchukaitis, K. J., & Evans, M. N. (2011). How well understood are the processes that create dendroclimatic records? A mechanistic model of the climatic control on conifer tree-ring growth dynamics. In: Hughes, M., Swetnam, T., & Diaz, H. (Eds.). Dendroclimatology, developments in paleoenvironmental research. Springer, Dordrecht. Vol. 11. Pp. 37–76.
Walle, I., Mussch, S., Samson, R., Lust, N., & Lemeur, R. (2001). The above and belowground carbon pools of two mixed deciduous forest stands located in East-Flanders (Belgium). Annals of Forest Science, 58, 507–517.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons «Attribution» 4.0 License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.