The effect of additive containing an organic form of iodine on the physiological-biochemical parameters of the body of cows
AbstractIodine deficiency in soil and water in many countries leads to its low content in plants and animal feed produced from them. The limited intake of this element in animals can lead to endemic diseases. The lack of iodine in animal feeding is most often compensated for by the use of additives with an inorganic form of iodine, which can be poorly absorbed by the body. Feed products with an organic form of iodine have a great biological effect. A study on the effect of iodine-containing additives on the physiological and biochemical parameters of the animal organism was carried out on two groups of 15 cows. The experimental group was fed an organic form of iodine as part of the additive, the control group received an inorganic form of iodine. For all animals during the experiment the biochemical parameters of blood, milk productivity and reproductive ability were studied. During the experiment, an increase in metabolic and redox processes in the body was noted in the experimental group. An increase in mineral metabolism, including iodine content, was found. Due to the sufficient intake of organic iodine in the animals of the experimental group, there was an increase in the activity of the main hepatic enzymes AST and ALT. An increase in the process of gluconeogenesis due to an increase in the glucose content in the blood of experimental cows was revealed. An increase in milk production and reproductive function of animals of the experimental group was established. Within 30 days after the termination of feeding the supplement with the organic form of iodine in the experimental group, a prolonging effect was observed, consisting in higher values of blood biochemical parameters, improved reproductive function and milk productivity relative to equivalent animals in the control. As a result, it was concluded that the use of an additive with an organic form of iodine in the amount of 1.5 g in feeding cows for 60 days increases the iodine content in the blood serum of animals and increases the performance of all types of metabolism, which may indicate the best stimulating effect of the organic form of iodine on thyroid activity glands. This in turn helps to improve the productive and reproductive qualities of animals. To recommend the studied drug as a means to replenish iodine deficiency in animals and to more accurately analyze its effect on the hormone-forming function of the thyroid gland, it is necessary to study the level of thyroid hormones in the blood.
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