Features of Dictamnus albus (Rutaceae) in the pregenerative period of ontogeny in M. M. Gryshko National Botanical Garden in Ukraine

Keywords: development; ontogenesis; morphogenesis; rare plant; age stages; morphology; population structure.

Abstract

Investigation of plant ontogenetic peculiarities and establishment of boundaries of ontogenetic states of individuals is a necessary basis for studying their populations. The minimal amount of data on morphology of plants in the pregenerative period of ontogenesis complicates plant identification in natural and cultural populations. Such information is especially important for rare species of plants. Dictamnus albus L. is a perennial rare plant listed in the Red Book of Ukraine.The objective of this research is to analyze the peculiarities of ontomorphogenesis of D. albus, to establish diagnostic signs of age stages and the sequence of their passage for identification of the multivariance of development. The results of the study on D. albus ontomorphogeny in the latent and pregenerative period at the M. M. Gryshko National Botanical Garden оf the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine are represented in this article. Diagnostic features of age stages: seeds, seedlings, juvenile, immature, virginile are established. The study shows a multivariate development that reveals different sequences of passing ontogenesis states by individuals and, accordingly, the rate of their aging and life expectancy. To describe the variation of the passage by individuals of ontogeny stages, we divided the stages into ontomorphs, which determined the degree of development-degradation of plants. The research showed that every age stage lasts for one growing season or longer. The first bloom in plants does not come earlier than the sixth year of vegetation. Seedlings and juvenile plants vary in leaf number and phyllotaxy. The development of immature plants takes place from the third year of vegetation. Seedlings, juvenile and young immature plants have a tap-root system. In individuals older than 4 years a root system forms which becomes similar to the fibrous root system due to the presence of several thickened roots. In immature and virginile plants, we observed the formation of adventitious roots on the caudex. It has been found that D. albus is characterized by heterophylly and morphological variability of leaves, which is developed during ontogeny and shoot formation. The variety of the architecture of individuals in the early stages of ontogenesis and the multi-variation of their development indicate the variation of the reaction rate.The data may be used for evaluate age (ontogenetic) structure of D. albus populations.

References

Artjushenko, Z. T., & Fedorov, A. A. (1986). Atlas po opisatel’noj morfologi vysshih rastenij. Plod [Atlas on descriptive morphology of higher plants. Fruit]. Nauka, Leningrad (in Russian).

Baranovski, B., Khromykh, N., Karmyzova, L., Ivanko, I., & Lykholat, Y. (2016). Anyalysis of the alien flora of Dnipropetrovsk province. Biological Bulletin of Bogdan Chmelnitskiy Melitopol State Pedagogical University, 6(3), 419–429.

Beis, R., Öztürk, Y., Aydin, S., & Gürer, F. (2005). Pharmacological and toxicological effects of Gas plant (Dictamnus albus L.). Turkish Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2(3), 111–124.

Cannon, C. H., & Kua, C. (2017). Botanic gardens should lead the way to create a “Garden Earth” in the Anthropocene. Plant Diversity, 39(6), 331–337.

Chu, C., & Adler, P. B. (2013). When should plant population models include age structure? Journal of Ecology, 102, 531–543.

Dayrell, R. L. C., Arruda, A. J., Pierce, S., Negreiros, D., Meyer, P. B., Lambers, H., & Silveira, F. A. O. (2018). Ontogenetic shifts in plant ecological strategies. Functional Ecology, 32(12), 2730–2741.

Diduh, J. P. (Ed.). (2009). Chervona knyga Ukrayiny. Roslynnyj svit [Red Book of Ukraine. Plants]. Globalkonsaltyng, Kyiv (in Ukrainian).

Dobrochaeva, D. M. (1955). Rid 499. Dictamnus. Flora URSR [Genus 499. Dictamnus. Flora of USSR]. AN URSR, Kyiv. Vol. 7. Pp. 90–94 (in Ukrainian).

Fedorov, A. A., Kirpichnikov, M. E., & Artyushenko, Z. T. (1962). Atlas po opisatelnoy morfologii vyisshih rasteniy. Stebel i koren [Atlas of descriptive morphology of higher plants. Stem and root]. Nauka, Leningrad (in Russian).

Fisogni, A., Rossi, M., Sgolastra, F., Bortolotti, L., Bogo, G., de Manincor, N., Quaranta, M., & Gallon, M. (2016). Seasonal and annual variations in the pollination efficiency of a pollinator community of Dictamnus albus L. Plant Biology, 18, 445–454.

Frey, W. (2000). Life strategies as a basis for functional characterization of plant species and plant communities: A case study. Zeitschrift fuer Oekologie und Naturschutz, 9, 35–41.

Geneve, R. L., Jones, R. O., & Kester, S. T. (1997). Micropropagation of Dictamnus albus L. (gas plant). Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry. High-Tech and Micropropagation VI. Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg.

Gnatіuk, A. M. (2017). Morfologichni osoblivosti Dictamnus albus L. na pochatkovih etapah ontomorfogenezu [Morphological features of Dictamnus albus L. in the early stages of ontomorphogenesis]. Materiali XIV z’yizdu Ukrayinskogo botanichnogo tovaristva. Kyiv. P. 178 (in Ukrainian).

Gnatіuk, A. M. (2018). Adaptyvnі reaktsіyi deyakyh ridkisnyh vydiv roslyn na pochatkovyh etapah ontogenezu ex situ [Adaptive reactions of some rare plant species in the early stages of ontogeny ex situ]. Materialy mizhnarodnoyi naukovoyi konferentsiyi “Zberezhennya riznomanittya roslinnoho svitu u botsadah ta dendroparkah: Tradytsiyi, suchasnist, perspektyvy”. Bila-Tserkva. Pp. 77–82 (in Ukrainian).

Golubev, V. N. (1957). O morfogeneze i evolyucii zhiznennyh form travyanistyh rastenij leso-lugovoj zony [On the morphogenesis and evolution of life forms of herbaceous plants of the forest-meadow zone]. Byuleten Moskovskogo Obshchestva Ispytateley Prirody, Otdelenie Biologii, 62(6), 35–57 (in Russian).

Hensen, I., & Wesche, K. (2006). Relationships between population size, genetic diversity and fitness components in the rare plant Dictamnus albus in Central Germany. Biodiversity and Conservation, 15, 2249–2261.

Hodzhimatov, M. (2000). Yasenec tadzhikskij (Dictamnus tadshikorum Vved.), ego biologicheskie osobennosti i vozmozhnost ispolzovaniya v narodnom hozyajstve [Tajik ash-tree (Dictamnus tadshikorum Vved.), its biological features and the possibility of use in the national economy]. Dushanbe (in Russian).

Hodzhimatov, M. (2006). Rost i izmenchivost Dictamnus tadshikorum Vved. v virginilnom periode [Growth and variability of Dictamnus tadshikorum Vved. in the virginile period]. Doklady Akademii Nauk Respubliki Tadzhikistan, 49(1), 73–77 (in Russian).

Jolls, C. L., Marik, J. E., Hamze, S. I., & Havens, K. (2015). Population viability analysis and the effects of light availability and litter on populations of Cirsium pitcheri, a rare, monocarpic perennial of Great Lakes shorelines. Biological Conservation, 187, 82–90.

Jаger, E. J., Johst, A., & Lorenz, H. (1997). Wuchsform und Lebensgeschichte von Dictamnus albus L. (Rutaceae). Hercynia, 30, 217–226 (in German).

Khapugin, A. A., Silaeva, T. B., Semchuk, A. A., & Kunaeva, E. N. (2016). Populations of Orchis militaris, Epipactis palustris and Malaxis monophyllos in the Republic of Mordovia (Central Russia). Biodiversity: Research and Conservation, 42(1), 33–40.

Kricsfalusy, V. (2016). Variations in the life cycle of Anemone patens L. (Ranunculaceae) in Wild Populations of Canada. Plants, 5, 29.

Lavrenko, E. M. (1950). Nabljudenija nad predzimnim sostojaniem i kornevoj sistemoj nekotorych rastenij jufnoj Kirgizii [Observations on the state of the pre-winter and root systems of certain plants of southern Kyrgyzstan]. Byuleten Moskovskogo Obshchestva Ispytateley Prirody, Otdelenie Biologii, 55(4), 51–62 (in Russian).

Lykholat, Y. V., Khromykh, N. A., Ivan’ko, I. A., Matyukha, V. L., Kravets, S. S., Didur, O. O., Alexeyeva, A. A., & Shupranova, L. V. (2017). Assessment and prediction of the invasiveness of some alien plants under the climatic changes in the steppe Dnieper. Biosystems Diversity, 25(1), 52–59.

Martínez-Francés, V., Rivera, D., Heinrich, M., Obon, C., & Ríos, S. (2015). An ethnopharmacological and historical analysis of “Dictamnus”, a European traditional herbal medicine. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 175(4), 390–406.

Maschinski, J., & Albrecht, M. A. (2017). Center for Plant Conservation’s Best Practice Guidelines for the reintroduction of rare plants. Plant Diversity, 39(6), 390–395.

Mustafina, A. N., Abramova, L. M., & Shigapov, Z. H. (2014). Yasenec golostolbikovyj v Bashkortostane: Biologiya, struktura populyacij, introdukciya [Burning bush in Bashkortostan: Biology, population structure, introduction, protection]. Gilem, Ufa (in Russian).

Mustafina, A. N., Karimova, O. A., & Andreeva, I. Z. (2011). Ontogenez yasenca golostolbikovogo (Dictamnus gymnostylis Stev.) [Ontogenesis of burning bush (Dictamnus gymnostylis Stev.)]. In: Ontogeneticheskij atlas rastenij. Joshkar-Ola. Vol. 6. Pp. 94–97 (in Russian).

Oleynikova, E. M. (2010). Klassifikatsiya modeley strukturnoy organizatsii travyanistIh sterzhnekornevyih rasteniy voronezhskoy oblasti [Classification of models of structural organization of herbaceous rooted plants of the Voronezh region]. Vestnik Voronezhskogo Gosudarstvennogo Universiteta, Seriya Himiya, Biologiya, Farmatsiya, 1, 99–106 (in Russian).

Partzsch, M. (2009). Populationsstruktur und Vergesellschaftung von Dictamnus albus L. in thermophilen Säumen des unteren Unstruttals (Sachsen-Anhalt). Tuexenia, 29, 63–82.

Pimm, S. L., & Raven, P. H. (2017). The fate of the world’s plants. Spotlight, 32(5), 317–320.

Rabotnov, T. A. (1950). Zhiznennyj cikl mnogoletnih travyanistyh rastenij v lugovyh cenozah [The life cycle of perennial herbaceous plants in meadow cenosis]. Trudy Botanicheskogo Instituta AN SSSR, Geobotanika, 6, 179–196 (in Russian).

Semenova, G. P. (1989). Introdukciya redkih rastenij kak metod uskorennogo izucheniya ontogeneza [Introduction of rare plants as a method of accelerated learning of ontogenesis]. In: Recommendations: Ontogeny of higher flowering plants. TSUOP Gosagroproma URSR, Kyiv. Pp. 117–122 (in Russian).

Serebryakov, I. G. (1962). Ekologicheskaya morfologiya rastenij i ih izuchenie [Ecological morphology of plants and their study]. Vysshaya shkola, Кyiv (in Russian).

Shanaida, N. D., Barna, M. M., Zelinka, S. V., Cherniak, V. M., & Shanaida, M. I. (1998). Ontohenez ta vikova struktura populiatsii Dictamnus albus L. v umovakh Holytskoho botaniko-entomolohichnoho [Ontogenesis and age structure of the population of Dictamnus albus L. in the conditions of Golitsky Botanical and Entomological Reserve]. Naukovi Zapysky Ternopilskogo Derzhavnogo Pedagogichnogo Universytetu Imeni Volodymyra Hnatiuka, Serija Biologichna, 2(4), 26–30 (in Ukrainian).

Smirnova, O. V., Zaugolnova, L. B., Ermakova, I. M., Bogdanova, N. M., Grigorjeva, V. N., Yegorova, V. N., Zhukova, L. A., Matveev, A. P., Mihajlova, N. F., Sugorkina, N. S., Uranov, A. A., & Cheburaeva, A. N. (1976). Cenopopuljacii rastenij (osnovnye ponjatija i struktura) [Cenopopulations of plants (basic concepts and structure)]. Nauka, Moscow (in Russian).

Teichmann, T., & Muhr, M. (2015). Shaping plant architecture. Frontiers in Plant Science, 6, 233.

Varlamova, M. A. (2006). Dictamnus gymnostylis Stev. na Yuzhnom Urale: Sostoyanie prirodnyh populyacij i voprosy ohrany [Dictamnus gymnostylis Stev. in the Southern Urals: The state of natural populations and conservation issues]. Sterlitomak (in Russian).

Wolski, T., & Baj, T. (2014). Systematyka gatunku Dictamnus oraz skład fitochemiczny dwu odmian dyptamu jesionolistnego (Dictamnus albus L. cv. albiflores i cv. rosa purple). Postępy Fitoterapii, 3, 166–179 (in Polish).

Published
2019-04-23
How to Cite
GnatiukА. М. (2019). Features of Dictamnus albus (Rutaceae) in the pregenerative period of ontogeny in M. M. Gryshko National Botanical Garden in Ukraine . Regulatory Mechanisms in Biosystems, 10(4), 470-476. https://doi.org/10.15421/021969