Age peculiarities of interaction of motor and cognitive brain systems while processing information of different modality and complexity
AbstractThe interaction of motor and cognitive brain systems while performing the tasks of processing information of different modality and complexity is an important component of the brain’s integrative activity, which provides the individual adaptation of a person to changing environmental conditions. 116 individuals participated in the research; there were right-handed children aged 7–8, adolescents aged 11–12 and 15–16, and young men aged 19–20 among them. The investigated individuals performed a cognitive task, which included determining the modalities of a signal, the shape of a figure, the meaning of a word, and the fast and error-free reaction of differentiation with left (goL) or right (goR) hand or inhibition of motor action (nogo). The motor task involved a quick reaction to signals of different modality in the go/go/go mode. The results show that in the ontogenesis, the interaction of motor and cognitive brain systems gradually increases during processing of information of different modality and complexity by children, adolescents and young people. Closer functional interaction of motor and cognitive brain systems according to the indicators of speed and success of performing both tasks was found to be greater in the young men aged 19–20 and the adolescents aged 15–16 and 11–12 than in the children aged 7–8. The investigated individuals with the high-speed level of performing cognitive tasks were characterized with reliably higher indicators of motor reactions. Correlation analysis confirmed the statistically significant relationship between the speed characteristics of the motor and cognitive functional systems of the brain. The age dynamics of functional interaction between the motor and cognitive systems, as well as the speed and success of performing tasks depended on the mode selection of information processing. The success and speed of performing different variants of motor tasks in the go/go/go mode were higher in all age groups than in the conditions of the combined motor and cognitive tasks while differentiating goL/nogo/goR. The functional interaction of motor and cognitive brain systems in children, adolescents and young men while processing information increased gradually and depended on the modality of signals. The speed and success of results of performing motor and cognitive tasks were higher than for imaginative signals, and lower than for verbal ones for all age groups. Left-brain dominance of functional asymmetry was found for the cognitive systems. The number of mistakes on words was always less and the reaction speed was higher for the right hand than for the left one in the goL/nogo/goR mode. Asymmetry was weaker in the children aged 7–8 for the combined tasks using imaginative stimuli, and statistically significant in the groups of adolescents aged 11–12 and young men aged 15–16 and 19–20 for verbal signals presented in the goL/nogo/goR mode. The research results and methods can be used for the prognostic estimate of human activity in the conditions of complex information loads and neurodegenerative diseases.
Bekhtereva, V., Craddock, M., & Miiller, M. M. (2015). Attentional bias to affective faces and complex IAPS images in early visual cortex follows emotional cue extraction. Neuroimage, 112, 254–266.
Bernstein, N. A. (2003). Sovremennyie issledovaniya po fiziologii neyronnogo protsessa [Contemporary studies on the physiology of the neural process]. Smysl, Moscow (in Russian).
Dempsey, J. A., & Morgan, В. J. (2015). Humans in hypoxia: A conspiracy of maladaptation? Physiology, 30(4), 304–316.
Donker, S., Roerdink, M., Greven, A., & Beek, P. (2007). Regularity of center-of- pressure trajectories depends on the amount of attention invested in postural control. Experimental Brain Research, 181(1), 1–11.
Doumas, M., Rapp, M. A., & Krampe, R. T. (2009). Working memory and postural control: Adult age differences in potential for improvement, task priority, and dual tasking. The Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 64, 193–201.
Farber, D. A., Bezrukikh, M. M., & Sonkin, V. D. (2009). Vozrastnaya fiziologiya (fiziologiya razvitiya rebenka) [Age physiology (physiology of child development)]. Izdatelskyi Center, Moscow (in Russian).
Fraizer, E., & Mitra, S. (2008). Methodological and interpretive issues in posture-cognition dual-tasking in upright stance. Gait and Posture, 27(2), 271–279.
Furley, F., & Memmert, D. (2010). Differences in spatial working – memory as a function of team sports expertize: The Corsi block-tapping task in sport psychological assessment. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 110(3), 801–808.
Glantz, S. (1998). Biomeditsinskaya statistika [Biomedical statistics]. Practika, Moscow (in Russian).
Haggard, P., & Cockbum, J. (1998). Dividing attention between cognitive and motor tasks in neurological rehabilitation. Neuropsychologycal Rehabilitation, 8, 155–170.
Hazeltine, E., Ruthruff, E., & Remongton, R. (2006). The role of input and output modality pairings in dual-task performance: Evidence for content-dependent central interference. Cognitive Psychology, 52(4), 291–345.
Hiraga, C. Y., Garry, M. I., Carson, R. G., & Summers, J. J. (2009). Dual-task interference: Attentional and neuropsychological influences. Behavioural Brain Research, 205(1), 291–345.
Horak, F. B. (2006). Postural orientation and equilibrium: What do we need to know about neural control of balance to prevent falls? Age and Ageing, 35(2), 7–11.
Howe, E. (2009). Hemispheric interaction in simple reaction time as a function of handedness. The Plymouth Student Scientist, 2(1), 90–107.
Ivanitsky, A. M., Portnov, G. V., & Martynova, O. V. (2013). Kartirovanie mozga v slovesnom i prostranstvennom myishlenii [Brain mapping in verbal and spatial thinking]. Journal of Higher Nervous Activity, 63(6), 677–686 (in Russian).
Kalnysh, V. V., & Shvets, A. V. (2012). Vliyanie intensivnoy kruglosutochnoy smennoy rabotyi na nadezhnost rabotyi operatorov [Effect of intense 24-hour shift work on reliability of operators' activity]. Human Physiology, 38(3), 81–91 (in Russian).
Kamenskaya, V. G., Tomanov, L. V., & Russak, Y. A. (2015). Peculiarities of sensory-motor response in girls of 14–17 years with different rates of sexual maturation. Indian Journal of Science and Technology, 29, 1–9.
Korobeynikov, G. V., Pristupa, O., Korobeinikova, L., & Briskin, Y. (2013). Otsinka psykhofiziolohichnykh staniv u sporti [Assessment of psychophysiological states in sports]. LDUFK, Lviv (in Ukrainian).
Kostandov, E. A. (2010). Vliyanie konteksta na plastichnost poznavatelnoy deyatelnosti [Influence of the context on the plasticity of cognitive activity]. Human Physiology, 36(5), 19–28 (in Russian).
Kostenko, S. S., & Lokteva, R. K. (2000). Otsinka aktyvnosti pershoi ta druhoi syhnalnykh system liudyny [Evaluation of activity of the first and second signaling systems of a person]. Bulletin of the Kiev University, Biology, 32, 31–34 (in Ukrainian).
Low, К. А., Leaver, Е. Е., Kramer, A. F., Fabiani, M., & Gratton, G. (2009). Share or complete? Load-dependent recruitment of prefrontal cortex during dual-task performance. Psychophysiology, 46(5), 1069–1079.
Luria, A. R. (2004). Osnovy neyropsihologii [Basics of Neuropsychology]. Prosveshcheniye, Moscow (in Russian).
Lyvanov, M. N. (1989). Prostranstvenno-vremennaya organizatsiya potentsialov i sistemnoy aktivnosti mozga [Spatial-temporal organization of potentials and systemic activity of the brain]. Nauka, Moscow (in Russian).
Lyzohub, V. S., Сhernenko, N. P., Palabiyik, A. A., & Bezkopulna, S. V. (2018). Sposib vyznachennia rozumovoi pratsezdatnosti za umovy pererobky informatsii z riznoiu shvydkistiu prediavlennia podraznykiv [Method of definitions of mental performance during processing of information with different speed of presentation of stimuli]. Cherkasy University Bulletin, Biological Sciences Series, 1, 70–80 (in Ukrainian).
Makarchuk, N., Maksimovich, K., Kravchenko, V., & Kryzhanovskii, S. (2011). Modifications of EEG activity related to perception of emotionally colored, erotic, and neutral pictures in women during different phases of the ovulatory (menstrual) cycle. Neurophysiology, 42(5), 362–370.
Makarenko, M. V., & Lizohub, V. S. (2011). Ontohenez psykhofiziolohichnykh funktsii liudei [Ontogenesis of psychophysiological functions of people]. Vertykal, Cherkasy (in Ukrainian).
Makarenko, M. V., Lizohub, V. S., Galka, M. S., Yuhimenko, L. I., & Khomenko, S. M. Patent 96496, State Service for Intellectual Property of Ukraine, MPC A 61B5/16. Method of psychophysiological evaluation of the functional state of the auditory analyzer. No 2010-02225; stated 01.03.2010; published 10.11.2011. Bul. No 21.
Maurer, C., Mergner, R., & Peterka, R. (2006). Multisensory control of human upright stance. Experimantal Brain Research, 171, 231–250.
Rusalova, M. N. (2003). Funktsionalnaya asimmetriya mozga i emotsiy [Functional asymmetry of the brain and emotions]. Successes of Physiological Sciences, 34(4), 93–112 (in Russian).
Scarpina, F., & Tagini, S. (2017). The stroop color and word test. Frontiers in Psychology, 8, 557–562.
Schulz, K., Mueller, A., & Koelsch, S. (2011). Neural correlates of strategy use during auditory working memory in musicians and non-musicians. The European Journal of Neuroscience, 33(1), 189–196.
Simonov, P. V., Rusalova, M. N., & Preobrazhenskaya, L. A. (1995). Faktory novizny i asimmetrya mozga [Novelty factors and brain asymmetry]. Journal of Higher Nervous Activity, 45(1), 12–18 (in Russian).
Sperry, R. W. (1980). Mind-brain interaction: Mentalism, yes; dualism, no. Neuroscience, 5, 195–206.
Storozhuk, M., & Krishtal, O. (2017) ASICs may affect GABAergic synapses. Oncotarget, 8(26), 41788–41789.
Stroop, J. (1935). Studies of interference in serial verbal reactions. Experimental Psychology, 18(6), 643–662.
Tretiak, T. O., Dregval, I. V., & Severinovskaya, O. V. (2016). Analiz funktsionalnykh vzaiemodii kortykalnykh zon z vizualnym typom myslennia liudyny [Analysis of functional interactions of cortical zones with the visual-shaped type of human thinking]. Bulletin of Biology and Medicine, 131, 292–297 (in Ukrainian).
Van der Elst, W., Van Boxtel, M. P., Van Breukelen, G. J., & Jolles, J. (2006). The stroop color-word test: Influence of age, sex, and education; and normative data for a large sample across the adult age range. Assessment, 13(1), 62–79.
Verbraggen, F., & Logan, G. D. (2008). Automatic and controlled response inhibition: Associative learning in the go ne-g; and stop-signal paradigms. Journal of Experimental Psychology, General, 137(4), 649–672.
Zhavoronkova, L. A., Kuptsova, S. B., Zharikova, A. V., Kushnir, E. M., & Mikhalkova, A. (2011). Harakteristika izmeneniy reaktivnosti EEG pri vyipolnenii dvoynyih zadaniy u zdorovyih sub'ektov (dobrovolnyiy posturalnyiy kontrol i raschet) [Characteristics of EEG reactivity changes during the performance of dual tasks in healthy subjects (voluntary postural control and calculation)]. Human Physiology, 37(6), 688–699 (in Russian).
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons «Attribution» 4.0 License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.